• Complains of blurred vision

  • Rubs eyes frequently

  • Squints

  • Closes or covers one eye

  • Occasionally sees double

  • Rubs eyes frequently

  • Able to read for only a short time

  • Poor reading comprehension

  • Holds things very close

  • Complains of blurred vision

  • Poor reading comprehension

  • Says eyes are tired

  • Sloppy handwriting and drawing

  • Can't stay on lines

  • Poor copying skills

  • Can respond orally but not in writing

  • Trouble learning right and left

  • Reverses letters and words

  • Trouble writing and remembering letters and numbers

  • Moves head excessively when reading

  • Frequently loses place, skips lines when reading

  • Uses finger to keep place

  • Poor reading comprehension

  • Short attention span

  • Mistakes words with similar beginnings

  • Difficulty recognizing letters, words, or simple shapes and forms

  • Can't distinguish the main idea from insignificant details

  • Trouble learning basic math concepts of size, magnitude, and position

  • Trouble visualizing what is read- Poor reading comprehension

  • Poor speller

  • Trouble with mathematical concepts

  • Poor recall of visually presented material

  • Difficulty copying from one place to another

  • Loss of place, repetition, and/or omission of words while reading

  • Difficulty changing focus from distance to near and back

  • Poor posture when reading or writing

  • Poor handwriting

  • Can respond orally but can't get the same information down on paper

  • Letter and word reversals

  • Difficulty judging sizes and shapes








>>Both sides 

>>Back of eyes /behind eyes. 


>> back 

>> neck 

>> head 

>> eyes 

- Dizzy 

- Nausea 

- Photophobia 

- Double vision 

- Eye strain 

- Anxiety 

- Motion sickness 

- Loss of balance 

- Breathing difficulties/problems 

- Increased rate of breathing 

- Decreased rate of breathing 

- Mood change 

- Emotional 

  1. Lack of integration between the central(focal) and peripheral(ambient) visual system 

  1. Delayed processing of visual information 

  1. Delayed integration between the proprioceptive and visual systems (body/visual mismatch). 

  1. Delayed integration between the visual and vestibular systems.  


2. headache 




6. eyestrain